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References and other resources

From Guidelines for Managing the Client with Intellectual Disability in the Emergency Room (© 2002)


American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.), text revision (DSM-IV-TR). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.

Bolton, P. & Rutter, M. (1994). Schedule for assessment of psychiatric problems associated with autism (and other developmental disorders) (SAPPA): Informant version. Cambridge: Developmental Psychiatry Section, University of Cambridge & London: Child Psychiatry Department, Institute of Psychiatry. [Unpublished]

Sovner, R. & Hurley, A.D. (1991). Seven questions to ask when considering an acute psychiatric inpatient admission for a developmentally disabled adult. The Habilitative Mental Healthcare Newsletter, 10, 27-30.

Other resources

Deb, S., Matthews, T., Holt, G., & Bouras, N. (2001). Practice guidelines for the assessment and diagnosis of mental health problems in adults with intellectual disability. Cheapside, Brighton: Pavilion.

Health Care Access Research and Developmental Disabilities (H-CARDD):

Health Evidence Bulletins — Wales. (See link to Learning Disabilities.) Available:

The International Association for the Scientific Study of Intellectual Disabilities (IASSID). Available:

Learning about Intellectual Disabilities and Health. Available:

The Royal College of Psychiatrists. (2001). DC-LD: Diagnostic criteria for psychiatric disorders for use with adults with learning disabilities/mental retardation. London: Gaskell.

Rush, A.J. & Frances, A. (Eds.). (2000). Expert consensus guideline series: Treatment of psychiatric and behavioural problems in mental retardation. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 105 (3, Special Issue), 159–226.

The University of Western Ontario. Developmental Disabilites Program. Available: