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Youth Self-Report (YSR)

From: Concurrent Substance Use and Mental Health Problems in Youth: Screening for Concurrent Substance Use and Mental Health Problems in Youth (© 2009, CAMH)


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The Youth Self-Report (YSR) is one of a family of screening tools for behavioural and emotional problems in children and adolescents. This factsheet describes the assessment and how to order this tool.

The YSR is part of the Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessments (ASEBA). It is completed by the child or adolescent, whereas the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) is completed by parents and the Teacher's Report Form (TRF) by teachers.

How it works

The 2001 revised YSR is made up of 112 problem items in a six-month time period. These 112 questions are scored using a three-point Likert scale (0=absent, 1= occurs sometimes, 2=occurs often).

It is recommended for use only with children 11 years and older. Like the CBCL and the TRF, the YSR yields scores on eight empirically derived syndrome scales:

  • anxious/depressed
  • withdrawn/depressed
  • somatic complaints
  • social problems
  • thought problems
  • attention problems
  • rule-breaking behaviour
  • aggressive behaviour.

These group into two higher order factors: internalizing and externalizing. The 2001 revision also added six DSM-oriented scales consistent with DSM diagnostic categories:

  • affective problems
  • anxiety problems
  • somatic problems
  • ADHD
  • oppositional defiant problems
  • conduct problems.

The YSR and the CBCL are also scored on (optional) competence scales for activities, social relations, school and total competence.

Administering the YSR

Appropriate target populations

Adolescents 11 to 18 years of age.

Formats available

_X_ self-administered (paper-and-pencil)

_X_ self-administered (computer)

___ clinician-administered

Time required

Approximately 10 minutes.

Languages available

_X_ English

___ French

_X_ Other (See website for details.)

Accessibility and cost

___ no charge for use

___ use requires permission of test developer

___ use requires special training and/or professional or academic credentials

_X_ fee for use (Contact ASEBA for pricing; currently $295 for single user license.)

ASEBA / Research Center for Children, Youth and Families
1 South Prospect Street,
St. Joseph's Wing (3rd Floor, Room 3207)
Burlington, VT 05401
Telephone Number: 802-656-5130
E-mail (for orders and inquiries):

Where to access

Summary of test development data

Quality of reporting

High, based on STARD rating (see Appendix, p. 76).

Summary of validity and reliability

High, based largely on the variety and strength of the reliability and validity data across so many languages and cultural contexts.