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Prescribing opioids: References

Baron, M.J. & McDonald, P.W. (2006). Significant pain reduction in chronic pain patients after detoxification from high-dose opioids. Journal of Opioid Management, 2 (5), 277–282.

Canadian Pharmacists Association. (2008). Compendium of Pharmaceuticals and Specialties (eCPS).

Crisostomo, R.A., Schmidt, J.E., Hooten, W.M. Kerkvliet, J.L., Townsend, C.O. & Bruce, B.K. (2008). Withdrawal of analgesic medication for chronic low back pain patients: Improvement in outcomes of multidisciplinary rehabilitation regardless of surgical history. American Journal of Physical Medical Rehabilitation, 87 (7), 527–536.

Dasgupta, N., Kramer, E.D., Zalman, M.A., Carino, S. Jr., Smith, M.Y., Haddox, J.D. et al. (2006). Association between non-medical and prescriptive usage of opioids. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 82 (2), 135–142.

Dhalla, I.A., Mamdani, M.M., Sivilotti, M.L., Kopp, A., Qureshi, O. & Juurlink, D.N. (2009). Prescribing of opioid analgesics and related mortality before and after the introduction of long-acting oxycodone. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 181 (12), 891–896.

Furlan, A.D., Sandoval, J.A., Mailis-Gagnon, A. & Tunks, E. (2006). Opioids for chronic noncancer pain: a meta-analysis of effectiveness and side effects. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 174 (11), 1589–1594.

Hooten, W.M., Townsend, C.O., Sletten, C.D., Bruce, B.K. & Rome, J.D. (2007). Treamtent outcomes after multidisciplinary pain rehabilitation with analgesic medication withdrawal for patients with fibromyalgia. Pain Medicine, 8 (1), 8–16.

Pereira, J., Lawlor, P., Vigano, A., Dorgan, M. & Bruera, E. (2001). Equianalgesic dose ratios for opioids. A critical review and proposals for long-term dosing. Journal of Pain & Symptom Management, 22 (2), 672–687.