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Perinatal mood and anxiety: Introduction
Mood disorders in the perinatal period
- 10 to 15 per cent of women experience depression in the perinatal period.
- Nearly half of women with a prior history of depression relapse in the perinatal period.
- More than half of women diagnosed with depression in the postpartum period have the onset of illness in pregnancy.
- Three per cent of pregnant women use SSRIs.
- Pregnancy does not offer protection from mental illness.
- Signs of pregnancy and depression overlap.
- Depression can present with either agitation or retardation.
Anxiety disorders in the perinatal period
- Over half of women with depression have a concurrent anxiety disorder.
- Anxiety disorders may present as panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, phobias and posttraumatic stress disorder.
- Acute symptoms drive women to seek medical attention.
Best practice guidelines for mental health disorders in the perinatal period (BC reproductive mental health program, 2014)
(NICE guideline CG192, 2014)